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How to Cite
, Last modified by Jane Flynn February 10 2017 11:47 AM

How do I cite Issues & Controversies content in a bibliography?

 

The citation information found at the bottom of entries is intended to serve as an aid to compiling a Works Cited list, Bibliography, or List of References. How you cite a work in a paper depends on the style you use. Below you will find examples of the most common citation styles.

 

Modern Language Association (MLA) Style

 

The Modern Language Association (MLA) was founded in 1883 as an organization devoted to furthering the study and teaching of language and literature. MLA style is widely used by high schools, colleges, and publishing companies.

The following, in general, is what our editors have determined to be the MLA Works Cited format appropriate for the majority of material in Issues & Controversies, based on the 8th edition of the association's Handbook. We suggest that you consult the MLA Handbook for Writers of Research Papers or talk to your librarian for more information on compiling your Works Cited list.

The MLA's 8th edition suggests citing an accessed date in the event an online work is changed or removed. Because Issues & Controversies articles are often updated, a date of access is included in the citation.

 

Format:

 

"Title of the Article." Title of the Original Publication, Publisher Name, Day Mo. Year of publication, <Record URL>. Day, Mo. Year of access.

 

Example:

 

"Capital Punishment: Should capital punishment be allowed in the United States?" Issues & Controversies, Infobase Learning, 1 Feb. 2016, icof.infobaselearning.com/recordurl.aspx?ID=1608. Accessed 7 Feb. 2017.

 

American Psychological Association (APA) Style

 

American Psychological Association (APA) style is based on a 1928 meeting of editors of anthropological and psychological journals to determine best practices for the production of journal manuscripts. APA style is largely used by those writing and publishing in the behavioral and social sciences.

 

The following, in general, is what our editors have determined to be the APA citation appropriate for the majority of material in this online reference, based on the 6th edition of the association's manual. We suggest that you consult the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association or talk to your librarian for more information on compiling your List of References.

 

Format:

 

Title of the article. (Publication year, Month Day). Title of Publication. Retrieved from Domain URL

 

Example:

 

Native American policy. (2014, March 31). Issues & Controversies. Retrieved from http://icof.infobaselearning.com

 

The Chicago Manual of Style (CMS)

 

The Chicago Manual of Style (CMS) was first published in 1906 by the University of Chicago Press. During its more than 100 years of existence, the manual has evolved into an authoritative source for authors, editors, proofreaders, indexers, copywriters, designers, and publishers.

 

The following, in general, is what our editors have determined to be the Chicago bibliographic format appropriate for the majority of material in this online reference, based on the 15th and 16th editions of the manual. We suggest that you consult The Chicago Manual of Style or talk to your librarian for more information on compiling your Notes and Bibliography.

 

Format:

 

"Title of the Article." Title of Original Publication, Month day, year [of publication]. Accessed Month day, year. Source URL.

 

Example:

 

"Medicaid and the Affordable Care Act." Issues & Controversies, March 31, 2014. Accessed July 24, 2014. http://icof.infobaselearning.com/icof.infobaselearning.com/recurl.aspx?ID=14185.

 

Footnote Citations

 

Footnote citations vary slightly from bibliographic citations but contain many of the same elements (for example, author's name, publisher information). Consult the MLA Handbook for Writers of Research Papers, the The Chicago Manual of Style, or the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association for details.

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